The Lewis and Clark Legacy
The Corps of Discovery enters Dakota, 1804
20th August Monday 1804
"Sergeant Floyd much weaker and no better. Made Mr. Faufonn the interpter a fiew presents, and the Indians a Canister of Whiskey. We set out under a gentle breeze from the S.E. and proceeded on verry well. Serjeant Floyd as bad as he can be no pulse & nothing will stay a moment on his Stomach or bowels. Passed two Islands on the S.S. and at the first Bluff on the S.S. Serj. Floyd Died with a great deal of Composure, before his death he Said to me, "I am going away" I want you to write me a letter. We buried him on the top of the bluff ½ Mile below a Small river to which we gave his name, he was buried with the Honors of War much lamented, a seeder post with the (1) Name Sergt. C. Floyd died here 20th of august 1804 was fixed at the head of his grave. This Man at all times gave us proofs of his firmness and determined resolution to doe Service to and honor to himself… after paying all the honor to our Deceased brother we camped in the Mouth of floyds River about 30 yards wide, a butifull evening."
21st August Tuesday 1804
"We Set out verry early this morning and proceeded on under a gentle Breeze from the S.E. passed Willow creek one ½ M. above Floyds River at 1 ½ Miles higher & above the Bluff passed the Soues River S.S. this river is about the Size of Grand river and as Mr. Durrien our Soues intptr. says "is navagable to the falls 70 or 80 Leagues and above these falls Still further, those falls are 20 feet or there abouts and has two princepal pitches, and heads with the St. peters passing the head of the Demoin, on the right below the falls a Creek coms in which passes thro Clifts of red rock which the Indians make pipes of, and when the different "nations meet at those quaries all is piece." Passed a place in a Prarie on the L.S. where the Mahars had a Village formerly. The countrey above the Platt R. has a great Similarity. Camp. on the L. Side, Clouds appear to rise in the West & threten wind. I found a verry excellent froot resembling a read Current, the Srub on which it grows resembles Privey & about the Common hight of a wild plumb. The two men Sent with the horses has not joined us as yet."
22nd August Friday 1804
"Set out early wind from the South at three miles we landed at a Bluff where the two men Sent with the horses were waiting with two Deer, by examination this Bluff Contained Alum, Copperas, Cobalt, Pyrites; a Alum Rock Soft & Sand Stone. Capt. Lewis in proveing the quality of those minerals was Near poisoning himself by the fumes & tast of the Cobalt which had the appearance of Soft Isonglass. Copperas & alum is verry pisen, Above this Bluff a Small Creek coms in from the L.S. passing under the Clift for Several Miles, this Creek Roloje a name I learned last night is M[ ]s Seven Miles above is a Clift of Allom Stone of a Dark Brown Colr. Containing also incrusted in the crevices & shelves of the rock great qts. Of Cobalt, Semented Shels & a red earth. From this the river bends to the East and is within 3 or 4 miles of the River Soues at the place where that river Coms from the high land into the Low Prairie & passes under the foot of those Hills to its Mouth. Capt. Lewis took a Dost of Salts to work off the effects of the arsenic, we camped on the S.S. Sailed the greater part of this day with a hard wind from the S.E. Great deel of Elk Sign, and great appearance of wind from the N.W. ordered a vote for a Serjeant to chuse one of three which may be the highest number. the highest numbers are P. Gass had 19 votes, Bratten & Gibson."